Saturday, October 28, 2006

Appendix I.01.b. - nonAANP Schools' Science Claim

[to return to the main document, click here, http://naturocrit.blogspot.com/]
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b. nonAANP type ND schools:
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the Academy of Complimentary Medicine states:
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[in “Naturopathic Medicine”]
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“the practice of naturopathic medicine emerges from six underlying principles of healing. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in light of scientific analysis”;
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(click here,
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the Academy of Natural Therapies states:
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[in "Gaia Theory, Sustainability, & Environmental Ethics in Naturopathic Practice"]
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"this course has been offered as an elective in 2002 and 2003 in the Diploma of Applied Science (Naturopathy) degree at the Perth Academy of Natural Therapies";
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(click here,
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the American Naturopathic Medical Institute states:
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[in "The Healing Power of Nature"]
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"the practice of Naturopathic Medicine emerges from six underlying principles of healing. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in light of scientific analysis [...] the intent is to support the natural healing potential of the human body as validated by modern scientific research. It is this combination of the healing power of nature and scientific methods that makes naturopathic medicine an important system of medicine";
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(click here,
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the Australasian College of Natural Therapies [AU] states:
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[in "Advanced Diploma of Naturopathy"]
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“what is naturopathy? [...] a naturopath [...] has a solid grounding in the medical sciences [...with] extensive knowledge in a variety of health sciences including chemistry, biochemistry, pathology, symptomatology, diagnosis and pharmacology [...] these health sciences [...] University of New England (UNE) exclusive arrangement - degree qualification option Bachelor of Health Science (Naturopathy) - awarded by UNE (CRICOS Provider 00003G) [...] a dual programme in collaboration with UNE, whereby students who decide to study the degree option, co-enrol into UNE's Bachelor of Health Science (Naturopathy) degree [...] upon successful completion of this programme graduates will be awarded the degree of Bachelor of Health Science (Naturopathy) from UNE in addition to the Advanced Diploma of Naturopathy, the Advanced Diploma of Western Herbal Medicine, the Advanced Diploma of Homeopathy and the Diploma of Nutrition from ACNT, making this programme the most comprehensive naturopathic training programme in Australia [...] students will study all of the naturopathic subjects and medical science subjects at ACNT, whilst UNE will provide Health Science units by distance education, which are complementary to and in addition to the ACNT studies. This collaborative method of learning enables students to have access to university education for their health sciences, and naturopathic principles and practice from Australia's leading natural therapies college [...] students must enrol at ACNT prior to applying for admission to the Bachelor of Health Science (Naturopathy) at UNE”;
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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the Australian College of Natural Medicine [AU] states:
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"Bachelor Of Health Science (Naturopathy)";
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(click here,
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the Canberra Institute of Technology states:
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[in "Naturopathy"]
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"Canberra Institute of Technology [...] your are here [...at] health science. Naturopathy [...] if you decide to study further, credit[s] transfer into [our] degree courses [...i.e.] bachelor of medical science [...your] teaching staff include practitioners of [...] biomedical sciences";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for an archive.org history of this page, click here,
(for a digg.com social bookmark of this, click here,
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the Charles Sturt University [AU] states:
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[in "Bachelor of Health Science (Complementary Medicine)"]
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"complementary medicine is an exciting and dynamic field that demands a high degree of academic study as well as clinical expertise. CSU offers a Bachelor of Health Science (Complementary Medicine) degree to students who have completed a Diploma in Complementary Medicine in one of the following therapeutic methods: naturopathy, nutritional science, homeopathy, clinical kinesiology, lifestyle consultancy, herbal medicine, aromatherapy, sports therapy, oriental therapies, acupuncture, remedial massage";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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the First National University of Naturopathy and Allied Sciences' states:
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[in "Making the Cut: What Exactly is Naturopathy?"{per von Peters, W. (NMD ?, PhN ?)}]
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"Dr. Paul Wendel in his 'Standardized Definition of Naturopathy' states 'naturopathy is defined as a scientific system of natural healing'";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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the Hahnemann Mission University states:
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"the degree of doctor of naturopathic medicine requires four years of graduate level study in the medical sciences";
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(click here,
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the Institute of Natural Therapeutics states:
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i.
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they offer an "Advanced Diploma of Applied Science (Naturopathy - Professional Diploma)";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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ii.
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[in "Naturopathy"]
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"naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances. Methods used are consistent with these principles";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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the JSP Naturopathic and Health Science College states:
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[in "Information Download"]
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"graduates of accredited naturopathic medical colleges are required to have more hours of study in basic sciences and clinical sciences than graduates of Yale or Stanford medical schools [...] M.D.'s are schooled in basic sciences and clinical sciences to prepare them for the various illnesses and emergencies they will face during their practice. N.D.'s are also well trained in all these sciences in their education";
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(click here,
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the Lane College of Integrative Medicine states:
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[for the archive.org history of this homepage, click here, >http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.lcim.org<]
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i.
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[in "Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine (NMD) Program"]
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"modern naturopathic medicine educates students in the same basic medical sciences as conventional medical education";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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ii.
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"the practice of naturopathic medicine emerges from six underlying principles of healing. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually re-examined in light of scientific analysis";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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the Pan American School of Natural Medicine states:
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[in "What Is This For?"]
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"the doctor of natural medicine program contains the same basic medical sciences as a traditional medical degree program";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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the SA College of Natural Medicine [AU] states:
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i.
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[in "Advanced Diploma of Allied Science (Naturopathy) Conversion Course For Nurses"]
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offers an “Advanced Diploma of Applied Science (Naturopathy) conversion course for nurses”;
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(click here,
(archived here,
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ii.
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[in "Course Lists"]
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offers an "Advanced Diploma of Applied Science (Naturopathic Sports Medicine)";
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(click here,
(archived here,
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iii.
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[in "Courses and Programs - Course Information"]
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Advanced Diploma of Applied Science - Naturopathic Sports Medicine […] for those seeking a career as a natural therapist, the Advanced Diploma of Applied Science”;
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(click here,
(archived here,
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the Southern School of Natural Therapies [AU] states:
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[in "SSNT Courses"]
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offers a "Bachelor of Health Science - Naturopathy";
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(click here,
(archived here,
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the University of New England [AU] states:
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[in "Bachelor of Health Science (Naturopathy)"]
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"the University of New England's Bachelor of Health Science (Naturopathy) award is offered in collaboration with the Australasian College of Natural Therapies (ACNT)";
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(click here
(archived here,
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the University of South Australia [AU] states:
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i.
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[in "Bachelor of Health Science (Acupuncture) / (Naturopathy)"]
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"Division of Health Sciences […] Bachelor of Health Science (Acupuncture / Naturopathy) […] the Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia […] Bachelor of Health Science (Acupuncture) of[or!] Bachelor of Health Science (Naturopathy) […] Bachelor of Health Science (Acupuncture) or Bachelor of Health Science (Naturopathy) […] School of Health Sciences […] Division of Health Sciences Office";
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(click here,
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ii.
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[in "Annual Review Report 2004"]
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"bachelor of health sciences (acupuncture / naturopathy) [p.003...] IBHS (naturopathy or acupuncture) [p.021]";
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(click here,
(archived here,
[opens if saved first]
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University of Western Sydney [AU] states:
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i.
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[in "Bachelor of Applied Science (Naturopathic Studies)"]
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Bachelor of Applied Science (Naturopathic Studies). UWS Course Code: 4597.2. Course Status: current. This version of the course is available to new and continuing students”;
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(click here,
(archived here,
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ii.
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[in "Courses"]
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“undergraduate courses […] Bachelor of Applied Science (Naturopathic Studies)”;
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(click here,
(archived here,
(and click here,
(archived here,
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Victoria University [AU] states:
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"Bachelor of Health Science – Naturopathy and Homeopathy […] School of Health Sciences";
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(click here,
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the Youngson Institute of Natural Science (YINS) states:
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they offer an "Advanced Diploma of Applied Science ( Naturopathy)";
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(click here,
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c. CAM proponent schools:
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Arizona State University states:
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i.
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[in "National College of Naturopathic Medicine"{their catalog, 2003-2004}]
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"principles of naturopathic medicine. The practice of naturopathic medicine emerges from six principles of healing. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease and are examined continually in light of scientific analysis";
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(click here,
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ii.
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[in "Profile of a Profession: Naturopathic Practice"]
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"comprehensive definition of naturopathic medicine. Naturopathic medicine […a] science […] distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances";
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(click here,
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California Polytechnic State University states:
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[in "Professional Profile: Naturopathic Physician - (N.D. or N.M.D.)"]
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"the practice of naturopathic medicine emerges from six underlying principles of healing. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in light of scientific analysis";
.
(click here,
(click here,
(archived, here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
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Columbia University's Center For Bioethics states:
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[in "Complementary Medicine"]
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"Bastyr University - located in Kenmore, Washington, is one of the world's leading academic centers for advancing knowledge in the natural health sciences";
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(click here,
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Columbia University's Medical Center states:
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[in "FAQ - Naturopathic Medicine"]
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"naturopathic physicians cooperate with all other branches of medical science [...] an ND cooperates with all other branches of medical science";
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(click here,
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Dartmouth College states:
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[in “Alternative Medicine”]
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“a licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D.”;
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(click here,
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Eckerd College states:
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine"]
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"a licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level federally accredited naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D.";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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Howard University states:
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i.
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[in “Bastyr University”]
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“Bastyr University, located north of Seattle, Washington, is one of the world's leading academic centers for advancing knowledge in the natural health sciences”;
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(click here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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ii.
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[in "Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine"]
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"naturopathic physicians cooperate with all other branches of medical science [...] the curriculum at Southwest College, like that of conventional medical programs, offers a strong foundation in biomedical sciences";
.
(click here,
(for the archive.org history o f this page, click here,
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Johns Hopkins University states:
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[in "The Weekly e-Newsletter from The Office of Pre-Professional Programs and Advising"{vol. 1, no. 11; 04-16-2007 -04-22-2007 }]
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"health professions feature: naturopathic medicine [...] what is a naturopathic physician? A licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D. [...] naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances";
.
(click here,
.
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Kansas State University states:
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[in "CAMI Has Been Active In Seeking Official Statice[sp., status?] For Naturopaths In Kansas"]
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"naturopathic physicians cooperate with all other branches of medical science";
(click here,
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McMaster University's Faculty of Science states:
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[in "Science: Career and Cooperative Education -- Naturopathy Schools"]
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"Science Career and Cooperative Education, Burke Science Building Room 127, www.science.mcmaster.ca/scce, (905) 525-9140 ext. 27898 [...] naturopathy schools accredited by the Council on Naturopathic Medical Education, www.cnme.org [...] Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine [...] www.ccnm.edu; Boucher Institute of Naturopathic Medicine [...] www.binm.org [...] Bastyr University [...] www.bastyr.edu; National College of Naturopathic Medicine [...] www.ncnm.org; Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine [...] www.scnm.edu; University of Bridgeport [...] www.bridgeport.edu/naturopathy";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
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the Missouri State University states:
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i.
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[in "Department of Biomedical Sciences: Pre-Naturopathic Physician (NDs)"(2006)]
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"naturopathic physicians cooperate with all other branches of medical science";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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ii.
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[in " Naturopathic Physician (NDs)"(2007)]
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"department of biomedical sciences [...] naturopathic physicians cooperate with all other branches of medical science";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
(for a naturocrit entry concerning this misrepresentation, click here,
.
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New York University Langone Medical Center states:
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine FAQs"]
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"naturopathic physicians cooperate with all other branches of medical science [...] an ND cooperates with all other branches of medical science";
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
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Oregon Health and Science University states:
.
i.
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[in "What Is Naturopathic Medicine?"]
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"naturopathic medicine […] is a distinct system of health care: an art, science, philosophy, and practice of diagnosing, treating, and preventing disease. […] the practice of naturopathic medicine emerges from six principles of healing. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease and are examined continually in light of scientific analysis. These principles stand as distinguishing marks of the profession";
.
[robots blocked as of 2012-07-22](click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
(for a digg.com social bookmark of this {2006 archived page}, click here,
.
[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this, click here,
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ii.
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[in "Oregon CAM Course at OHSU"]
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"ND program [...] educational requirements: first two year [s]: the courses during the first years focus on the basic sciences [...] NCNM BASTYR SW JH YL ST 1548 1639 1419 1771 1420 1383 [respectively...] basic and clinical sciences [...] licensing requirements: basic science boards: the first part of the national boards (NPLEX). These boards are commonly taken after the first two years. Clinical science boards: the second part of the National Boards (NPLEX). These boards are taken upon graduation";
.
(click here,
http://www.ohsu.edu/cam/for_docs/curri/natur_med.pdf)[vsc 2011-10-03, 2012-07-22]
[robots blocked as of 2012-07-22]
.
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Southwest Minnesota State University states:
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[in "Pre-Naturopathic Physician (NDs)"]
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"department of biomedical sciences [...] naturopathic physicians cooperate with all other branches of medical science";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
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the State University of New York - Stony Brook states:
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[in "Bastyr University, School of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"Bastyr University, located north of Seattle, Washington, is one of the world's leading academic centers for advancing knowledge in the natural health sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
the University of California San Francisco states:
.
[in "Profile of a Profession: Naturopathic Practice"(2001)]
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"the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians [...] defines naturopathic medicine as [...a] 'science [...and says] naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles upon
which its practice is based. These principles are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances' [p.007...] the Canadian Naturopathic Association define naturopathic medicine [...per] 'naturopathic medicine is the art and science of disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention' [p.008...] the naturopathic medical profession measures the safety and efficacy of its modalities primarily through scientific study and research [p.014...] requirements for obtaining a license in states and provinces regulating naturopathic medicine by licensing naturopathic physicians [...] pass examination approved by the board, including basic and clinical sciences [p.020...] NPLEX (Naturopathic Physician Licensing Examinations) exams are the standard written examinations required for licensure in naturopathic medicine in North America [...per] the basic science exam [...and] the clinical science exam [p.024...] naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances [p.081]";
.
(click here,
.
.
the University of Illinois at Chicago states:
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[in "2.1 Alternative and Complementary Medicine (Part 2)"]
.
[apparently per the course "UIC ORAL SCIENCES OSCI 590 Hominid Evolution - Dental Anthropology, and Human Variation. Clarke Johnson DDS, PhD, Oral Biology and the Department of Orthodontics, UIC College of Dentistry"
(for the course homepage, click here,
.
"the establishment of an accredited school, Bastyr University (Seattle, WA) in 1978 to teach science based natural medicine has been a turning point for revival of the discipline. As of 1996, there are three accredited colleges of naturopathy in the U.S.";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the University of Massachusetts - Amherst states:
.
[in "Five College Graduate and Professional Schools Information Day 2006: Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic physicians cooperate with all other branches of medical science [...] the curriculum at Southwest College, like that of conventional medical programs, offers a strong foundation in biomedical sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.
the University of Minnesota states:
.
.
[in "Taking Charge of Your Health: Naturopathy" (2011)]
.
"what is naturopathic medicine? Naturopathic medicine is a science-based tradition [...] the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians (AANP) defines naturopathic medicine as: 'a distinct system of primary health care [...a] science [...] naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles upon which its practice is based. These principles are continually re-examined in the light of scientific advances. The techniques of naturopathic medicine include modern and traditional, scientific, and empirical methods' (AANP, 1998) [...] naturopathic practitioners are trained as general practitioners specializing in natural medicine. They cooperate with all other branches of medical science [...] the ND degree requires graduate-level study in conventional medical sciences [...] naturopathic students must do extensive coursework in natural therapeutics. This includes therapies from the sciences [...such as] homeopathy";
.
(click here, 
(archived here,
.
(click here,
(archived here,
 (for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Glossary"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a science-based tradition that promotes wellness by identifying the unique aspects of each patient and then employing non-toxic natural therapies to restore his or her physiological, psychological, and structural balance";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the University of New South Wales states:
.
[in "Complementary and Alternative Medicine Subject Guide"]
.
"Bastyr Center for Natural Health is the largest natural health clinic in the state of Washington. It is also the teaching clinic of Bastyr University which specilaised[sp.] in the education of science-based natural medicine";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the University of Washington Department of Family Medicine states:
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"the two largest are Bastyr University in Seattle and the National College of Naturopathic Medicine in Portland. The four year curricula at these schools are similar in many ways to conventional medical schools, beginning with a wide range of courses in basic science and normal physiology and ending with clinical rotations [...] scientific basis for naturopathic medicine. There is a small but growing body of scientific research [etc.] ";
.
(click here,
.
.
the University of Wisconsin – Madison states:
.
i.
.
[in “Graduate School Fair, Including Health Professions”]
.
“Bastyr University, located north of Seattle, Washington, is one of the world's leading academic centers for advancing knowledge in the natural health sciences. A twenty-five-year pioneer in natural medicine, Bastyr continues to be in the forefront of developing the model for 21st century medicine. Bastyr offers a range of graduate programs including: naturopathic medicine, acupuncture and Oriental medicine, and nutrition”;
.
(click here,
.
ii.
. 
[in "Integrative Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic doctors are trained at four-year, post-graduate, residential naturopathic medical programs accredited by a federally recognized board. The training consists of comprehensive study of the conventional medical sciences, including anatomy, physiology, pathology, microbiology, immunology, clinical and physical diagnosis, laboratory diagnosis, cardiology, gastroenterology, gynecology, etc.";
.
(click here,

iii.
.
[in "Health Information: Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathy was developed in the late 1800s in the United States. Today, a licensed naturopathic doctor (ND) attends a 4-year, graduate-level naturopathic medical school and studies the same basic sciences as a medical doctor (MD)";
.
(click here,
.
.
Western Kentucky University states:
.
“naturopathic physicians (N.D.) are general practitioners trained as specialists in natural medicine. They are educated in the conventional medical sciences, but they are not orthodox medical doctors (M.D.). Naturopathic physicians treat disease and restore health using therapies from the sciences of clinical nutrition, herbal medicine, homeopathy, physical medicine, exercise therapy, counseling, acupuncture, natural childbirth and hydrotherapy. They tailor these approaches to the needs of an individual patient. Naturopathic physicians cooperate with other branches of medical science, referring patients to other practitioners for diagnosis or treatment when appropriate [...] students study anatomy, cardiology, physiology, neurology, biochemistry, radiology, pathology, minor surgery, microbiology, obstetrics, immunology, gynecology, pharmacology, pediatrics, dermatology, lab diagnosis, clinical and physical diagnosis and other clinical sciences. The first two years focus on the standard medical sciences as well as the history and physiology of naturopathic medicine";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
.
.